Academic Paper: [Alleged] Religious Discrimination against Groups Perceived as Cults in Europe and the West [including Scientology].

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Academic Paper: [Alleged] Religious Discrimination against Groups Perceived as Cults in Europe and the West [including Scientology].

Eti Peretz & Jonathan Fox
Published online: 24 Aug 2021

[Note: As I recently explained, one of my self-appointed hats is to try to note all new academic papers, books and previously unreported news items concerning Scientology, good or bad, if they are substantive, so that people know what is out there and can, if necessary, refute or otherwise address them. ]






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ABSTRACT

This study examines the comparative levels of discrimination against cults and other religious minorities in 37 European and Western democracies using the Religion and State-Minorities (RASM) dataset and data on four religions many governments consider cults—the Jehovah’s Witnesses, Scientology, the Unification Church, and the Mormons—collected specifically for this study. There is a considerable theoretical literature that argues that perceived cults experience more discrimination because they are considered new and strange in many countries as well as dangerous. Several violent events involving groups seen as cults in the 1990s such as those involving the Branch Davidians, the Order of the Solar Temple, Heaven’s Gate, and the Aum Shinrikyo exacerbated this trend. Our analysis finds that perceived cults experience higher levels of religious discrimination by governments in these countries and this trend increased in the mid-1990s which is consistent with it being at least in part a response to the series of violent perceived cult-related events in the 1990s.

Acknowledgements

We thank the funders for their support. ny opinions expressed in this study are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily reflect those of the supporters of this research.

Disclosure statement

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author(s).

Additional information

Funding

This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant 23/14), German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development (Grant 1291-119.4/2015) and the John Templeton Foundation.

Notes on contributors

Eti Peretz

Eti Peretz received her Ph.D. in Political Studies from Bar Ilan University in 2018, is a research associate at the Religion and State Project, and currently works at Tihon Hayovel Herzliya.

Jonathan Fox

Jonathan Fox (Ph.D. University of Maryland, 1997) is the Yehuda Avner Professor of Religion and Politics at Bar Ilan University and director of the Religion and State project. He has published extensively on various topics in religion and politics. His most recent books are Thou Shall Have No Other Gods before Me: Why Government Discriminate against Religious Minorities (Cambridge University Press, 2020) and Why do People Discriminate Againast Jews? (Ooxford University Press, 2021)
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NOTE: The entire paper is available for $45.00 at:




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Chuck J.

Election Fraud Has Consequences
I have no comment on the above article. But I'm amused by the form. The "scientific" aroma when something has this format. It could be about anything. Any ridiculous subject - but if it has the format, it's scientific. I would make up a joke paper to show what I mean but I don't have HH's skills in that department. Maybe something about the intellectual and ethical validity of Antifa or some other absurd idea. Again, this is no comment on the above article, I'm just amused by the form. I think because so many people genuflect to it. Like a eugenicist in a white lab spouting genocide nonsense - that white lab coat will do the trick for a lot of people. "He must know what he's talking about, he's a doctor." I've always been an iconoclast. At least regarding supposed social norms, I would never harm an actual Orthodox Church icon, they're beautiful artwork. I can't say the same about "science" though.
 

Irayam

Well-known member
I have no comment on the above article. But I'm amused by the form. The "scientific" aroma when something has this format. It could be about anything. Any ridiculous subject - but if it has the format, it's scientific. I would make up a joke paper to show what I mean but I don't have HH's skills in that department. Maybe something about the intellectual and ethical validity of Antifa or some other absurd idea. Again, this is no comment on the above article, I'm just amused by the form. I think because so many people genuflect to it. Like a eugenicist in a white lab spouting genocide nonsense - that white lab coat will do the trick for a lot of people. "He must know what he's talking about, he's a doctor." I've always been an iconoclast. At least regarding supposed social norms, I would never harm an actual Orthodox Church icon, they're beautiful artwork. I can't say the same about "science" though.
It is the mandatory format for scientific publications. If authors want to be published, they must follow this format.
As for example in this article:
Some not very ethical scientific journals accept to publish papers for a fee. Yes, money, always money.
 

Chuck J.

Election Fraud Has Consequences
It is the mandatory format for scientific publications. If authors want to be published, they must follow this format.
As for example in this article:
Some not very ethical scientific journals accept to publish papers for a fee. Yes, money, always money.
Thank you Capt. Obvious.
 

Irayam

Well-known member
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